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US Patent: 188,243
Improvement in Wrenches
Willis D. Gold - Philadelphia, PA

USPTO Classifications:
7/169, 81/119, 81/124.4, 81/125.1, 81/437

Tool Categories:
screwdrivers : screwdriver handles
combination tools
wrenches : wrench combination tools


Henry Disston & Sons - Philadelphia, PA

A. P. Grant
John A. Wiedersheim

Patent Dates:
Applied: Apr. 14, 1875
Granted: Mar. 13, 1877

Patent Pictures: [ 1 | 2 | 3 ]
Willis D. Gold patent March 13, 1877
USPTO pdf tiff
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The tool is a steel bitted screwdriver, with the malleable iron handle containing several wrench openings on the sides and end. It is called an improvement on Gold's May 14, 1867 patent (no. 64,662). One version of the tool may have been a tool kit screwdriver for Domestic sewing machines.

According to Ken Cope's "American Wrench Makers 1830-1930" H. Disston & Sons of Philadelphia produced this as the Excelsior Wrench and Screwdriver.

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