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US Patent: 17,992
Machine for smoothing planed wooden surfaces
Baxter D. Whitney - Winchendon, MA

USPTO Classifications:
144/115, 144/120, 144/242.1, 144/278.1, 144/28.1, 144/38, 15/93.1

Tool Categories:
woodworking machines : cutter head machines : wood planers


Baxter D. Whitney - Winchendon, MA

P. E. Teschemacher
Thomas R. Roach

Patent Dates:
Granted: Aug. 11, 1857

Reissue Information:
Reissued as AI186 (Jan. 12, 1858)

Patent Pictures:
USPTO pdf tiff
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"Vintage Machinery" entry for Baxter D. Whitney & Son, Inc.
This is a fixed-blade planer, which scrapes the surface of rough stock. "The object of my present invention is to obtain a machine that will be capable of smoothing the surfaces of boards and similar stuff, whether such stuff has been previously reduced to a uniform thickness and perfectly plane surface or not; and this I accomplish by allowing the block which carries the scraper or smoothing knife to have a small amount of vibration to accommodate to any inequalities in the surface to be smoothed, while the stuff rests on a rigid plane bed or carriage.

"This machine will be found particularly well adapted to smooth the surfaces of thin stuff such as is used for the hoop or sides of light wooden boxes (cheese boxes &C.) and veneered stuff."

The 1871-07-22 issue of Scientific American carried a list of patents for which extensions were requested, including this one. The extension was subsequently granted.

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